|Origin||Des Moines, Iowa, USA|
|Associated Acts||Stone Sour, Murderdolls, To My Surprise, DJ Starscream, Dirty Little Rabbits, Sid, The Black Dots of Death, Painface, Scar the Martyr|
Slipknot is an American heavy metal band from Des Moines, Iowa. Formed in September 1995, the group was founded by percussionist Shawn Crahan and bassist Paul Gray. After several lineup changes in their early days, the band consisted of nine members for the greater part of their tenure: Sid Wilson, Joey Jordison, Paul Gray, Chris Fehn, Jim Root, Craig Jones, Shawn Crahan, Mick Thomson, and Corey Taylor. However, the death of Paul Gray on May 24, 2010, and the departure of Joey Jordison on December 12, 2013, left the band with seven remaining members.
Slipknot is well known for its attention-grabbing image, aggressive music style, and energetic and chaotic live shows. The band enjoyed a somewhat meteoric rise to success following the release of their self-titled debut album in 1999. The 2001 follow-up album Iowa further increased the band's popularity. After breaking for their first hiatus, Slipknot returned in 2004 with Vol. 3: (The Subliminal Verses) and once again in 2008 with their fourth album All Hope Is Gone, which debuted at the top spot on the Billboard 200. Slipknot released their fifth studio album and first in 6 years on October 21, 2014 titled .5: The Gray Chapter. Additionally, the band has released one live album, 9.0: Live, one compilation album, Antennas to Hell, as well as four live DVDs.
Formation and early years (1995 – 1998)Edit
See also: Mate. Feed. Kill. Repeat.
Early formations of a band were beginning to coalesce as early as 1992, when the core band members, drummer Shawn "Clown" Crahan, vocalist Anders Colsefini, and bassist Paul Gray enlisted the help of guitarists Donnie Steele and Quan Nong, and created "Painface."
In September 1992, the band "The Pale Ones" was created comprising Crahan on drums, Gray on bass, Colsefini on vocals, and guitarist Steele. Joey Jordison joined the band shortly after, taking up the role of drummer and, subsequently, Crahan moved to percussion. The band continued to develop their vision of what the band would be, deciding to add a second guitarist, recruiting Josh Brainard and moving Colsefini to percussion along with lead vocals. The band played their first live performance under the name of Meld on December 4, 1995 at a club called Crowbar in Des Moines. Soon after, Jordison suggested renaming the band "Slipknot" after their song that eventually appeared on the band's demo Mate. Feed. Kill. Repeat. The band also began experimenting with their image, wearing grotesque make-up and eventually the anti-image concept developed towards the members wearing masks. Up until this point, the band had remained mainly obscured due to their desire to wait until their music was fully developed.
With plenty of material ready, the band began recording in a local studio, SR Audio with Sean McMahon. In February 1996, guitarist Donnie Steele left the band due to his Christian beliefs; though the other band members were prepared to allow him to stay, Steele decided to leave. His replacement, Craig Jones, arrived during the mixing stages of this new project. On April 4, 1996, Slipknot played their first public performance at Des Moines reggae club the Safari, where they played most of their early gigs. Their second gig at the Safari was alongside Stone Sour. The band began to realize again that there was need for a change, as they were adding samples to their recordings but could not produce these sounds live. Subsequently, Jones moved to full-time sampler and Mick Thomson was brought in to fill the space on guitar. After conflict over the mixing and mastering, the band self released their first album Mate. Feed. Kill. Repeat. on Halloween, October 31, 1996.
With the production of this album, Sean McMahon began distributing it between record and management companies, which resulted in airplay on local radio and, in turn, won a spot at Dotfest. Slipknot had returned to the studio having developed new material, which demanded more vocal melody. As a result, Corey Taylor was recruited from fellow Des Moines band Stone Sour; this moved Colsefini to backing vocals and percussion. While experimenting with their new vocalist, the band continued to do shows at the Safari club, during one of which Colsefini surprised his band and fans alike announcing on stage that he was leaving the band. The gap on percussion was filled by Greg Welts, who was affectionately known as "Cuddles". Towards the end of 1997, the band was assigned individual numbers respectively and began wearing uniform coveralls at their shows.
In early 1998, the band recorded their demo, which included "Spit It Out". The Slipknot Demo was sent to many record labels and, along with a growing popularity on the Internet and help from their then manager Sophia John, interest grew from record labels and eventually producer Ross Robinson was contacted. The band, which had a strong interest in working with Robinson, met with him and it was then decided they would work together. Soon after, DJ Sid Wilson was brought in to the band after showing great interest and impressing band members. With the acquisition of Ross Robinson, interest grew and the band began getting offers from record labels. On July 6, 1998 Welts was asked to leave the band becoming the first (and only) band member to be ultimately fired from the band. Chris Fehn replaced Welts on percussion and on July 8 they signed to Roadrunner Records.
Debut album and commercial success (1998–2001)Edit
In late 1998, Slipknot entered the recording studio to work on their debut album. In the early new year, guitarist Brainard decided to leave the band due to personal reasons. His replacement, Jim Root, leaft the band with the line-up they retain. Recording finished in early 1999, with "Me Inside" and "Purity", and the band attended the Ozzfest which began in March. On June 29, 1999, the band released their eponymous album Slipknot. Regarding the album, Rick Anderson of Allmusic wrote "You thought Limp Bizkit was heavy? They're The Osmonds. Slipknot is something else entirely." The band performed in the Livin La Vida Loco tour in support of Slipknot.
Slipknot included variations of previously released songs, including "(sic)"; a version of the previous song "Slipknot". These versions were faster than their previous recordings and this shift in intensity was welcomed by old fans. In the same year, Slipknot released their first home video Welcome to Our Neighborhood (which was later released on DVD in 2003). In early 2000, Slipknot was certified platinum, a first for an album released by Roadrunner Records. In July 2001, Q named Slipknot as one of the "50 Heaviest Albums of All Time".
Iowa and side projects (2001–2003)Edit
After the success of their debut, Slipknot decided to enter the studio again for a second album. By then, the band had created a huge fan base, and the expectations for their follow up album were great. They went back into the studio in early 2001 to work on a new album. Iowa, the band's second album with Roadrunner Records, was released on August 28, 2001. Jason Birchmeier of Allmusic said "It's really all you could ask for in a Slipknot album, and then some", and David Fricke of Rolling Stone called the album "the first great record of the nu metal era." It was also a commercial success, peaking at number three on the Billboard album charts, and at number one on the UK album chart. In mid-2001, the band once again toured with Ozzfest, and performed in the Kill The Industry tour in support of Iowa. The band also appeared in the concert scene of the 2002 movie Rollerball. In the same year, while touring Europe on their Iowa World Tour, the BBC said that Slipknot stole the show and proved entertaining after the band performed at Reading Festival in England. After touring Europe, the band performed at venues in Japan for the Japan Iowa Tour. In the same year, Slipknot released their second visual output with the release of their DVD Disasterpieces.
2002 also saw the first serious musical projects for Slipknot members outside of the band. Lead vocalist Taylor and guitarist Root revived their band Stone Sour with the release of their eponymous debut album Stone Sour. Drummer Jordison also had his own project in which he took up the role of guitarist in the Murderdolls. Slipknot planned to work on a third album towards the end of 2002 but the band was experiencing problems. At this time there was rumours concerning whether the band had split and the possibility of a third album. By mid-2003 Crahan also had a new side project, To My Surprise, in which he worked with producer Rick Rubin.
Vol. 3: (The Subliminal Verses), 9.0 Live, and side projects (2003–2007)Edit
"It was the rebirth of Slipknot, you know what I mean it was like... us coming back together, pushing out the vibe that had gotten in there and kinda started pulling people away. But we figured out that you know, we do have to get space you know, we do need to let people be sometimes". — Paul Gray on Slipknot's third album In late 2003, Slipknot began writing and recording with producer Rick Rubin, who had previously worked with artists such as Johnny Cash, System of a Down, and Slayer. Roadrunner Records also announced they would no longer be distributing Slipknot's albums in Scandinavia, due to financial terms. However Slipknot managed to pen a deal with Nuclear Blast Records in early 2003 for the releases in Scandinavia. The band released their third album, Vol. 3: (The Subliminal Verses) on May 24, 2004, which peaked at #2 on the Billboard 200. Johnny Loftus of Allmusic called the album "a satisfying, carefully crafted representation of [the band's] career to date", while Robert Cherry of Rolling Stone said the album "experiments with even newer extremes, which in Slipknot's case means tunefulness and traditional song structures." The title of the album denotes that this is their third album, band members later mentioned that they do not consider Mate. Feed. Kill. Repeat. as an album which reflects the band. In 2004, the band toured on the Ozzfest for a third time, the same year they made their first appearance at Download Festival where Jordison replaced Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich after he was rushed to hospital. In 2005, Slipknot made live appearances without percussionist Crahan—who was supporting his wife during an illness—including their return to Download Festival. Slipknot released their first live album, 9.0: Live which included recordings from shows in Phoenix, Las Vegas, Osaka, Singapore, and Tokyo. The album was released on November 1, 2005 and peaked at #17 on the Billboard 200. In 2006, the band won their first and only Grammy for Best Metal Performance with "Before I Forget". Later that year, Slipknot released their third DVD Voliminal: Inside the Nine. Several members of the band collaborated with other artists on the Roadrunner United: The All-Star Sessions CD released in October 2005. On the record, Jordison was named a "team captain". Root, Taylor, and Gray also contributed to the album. In 2006, Root and Taylor once again returned with Stone Sour releasing their second album Come What(ever) May. Jordison drummed for several bands while on tour including; Ministry (2006) and Korn (2007). He also produced 3 Inches of Blood's third album Fire Up the Blades which was released in early 2007. Later in the year Crahan revealed a new side project, Dirty Little Rabbits.
All Hope Is Gone, third hiatus and Gray's death (2008–2010)Edit
Preparation for Slipknot's fourth album began towards the end of 2007; however, work began when the band entered the Sound Farm Studio in Jamaica, Iowa with producer Dave Fortman in February 2008. Work came to a close on the album in June, prior to the beginning of the All Hope Is Gone World Tour on July 9, 2008. Slipknot's fourth album; All Hope Is Gone was released on August 20, 2008, debuting at number 1 on the Billboard albums chart. The album produced five singles; "All Hope Is Gone", "Psychosocial", "Dead Memories", "Sulfur" and "Snuff". 2009 marked the 10-year anniversary of Slipknot's debut album; to commemorate the event, the band released a special edition version of Slipknot on September 9, 2009. Touring in support of the album continued throughout 2008 and 2009, before coming to a close on October 31, 2009, resulting in Slipknot's third hiatus.
"He was everything that was wonderful about this band and about this group of people. The only way I can sum up Paul Gray is 'love'.
—Vocalist Corey Taylor, on the death of Paul Gray
During the hiatus, several band members focused on respective side projects; vocalist Taylor founded Junk Beer Kidnap Band and returned to Stone Sour with guitarist Root, Crahan continued working with his band Dirty Little Rabbits, drummer Jordison returned with his band Murderdolls and became the new permanent drummer of Rob Zombie. Percussionist Fehn is now a full-time bassist with metalcore band Will Haven and Sid Wilson founded the eponymous band Sid.
In 2010, bassist Gray was planning to tour with the supergroup, Hail!. However, on May 24, 2010, he was found dead in a hotel room in Urbandale, Iowa. Circumstances surrounding his death at the time were not immediately known; an autopsy suspected that his death was not caused by intention of anyone, but still did not reveal the cause of it. The day after his death, the remaining eight members of the band held a live unmasked press conference alongside Gray's widow and brother, expressing their feelings about the incident. On June 21, the cause of death was confirmed as an accidental overdose on morphine and fentanyl, the latter being a synthetic morphine substitute.
The band was hesitant to comment on the future of Slipknot. The members made conflicting statements in interviews regarding the situation; drummer Jordison told The Pulse of Radio "there is another Slipknot record already kinda in the making". Vocalist Taylor revealed to FMQB Productions' that he is "very conflicted about whether or not [he wants] to do anything with Slipknot". The band released their fourth video album (sic)nesses on September 28, where it debuted at No.1 on the Billboard Top Music Video Charts. The DVD features Slipknot's complete live performance at the 2009 Download Festival and a 45 minute film documenting their tour in support of All Hope Is Gone, and served as a tribute to Paul Gray.
Return to the stage, Antennas to Hell and Knotfest (2010–2012)Edit
Regarding the continuation of Slipknot, Taylor later told NME that Paul Gray would want them to continue and in that spirit he feels that they should, although he feels "on the fence" about returning to the band. Slipknot returned to touring in 2011 for a small run of shows in Europe. They headlined the Sonisphere Festival and Rock in Rio among the likes of Iron Maiden and Metallica and performed at Belgium's Graspop Metal Meeting. Founding guitarist, Donnie Steele substituted for Gray in the concert shows, however was obscured from the audience's view, behind Jordison.
If this tour doesn't work, this band might be over — straight up.
And I'm not gonna lie; I'm not the guy that's going to lie to the fans.
—Vocalist Corey Taylor, on the future of Slipknot
Slipknot has also confirmed that they will complete and release their fifth studio album with no plans of replacing Gray. Jordison confirmed that the writing process for the band's fifth studio album had already begun and that he had written 17 songs. Slipknot performed at Mayhem Festival 2012.
On May 29, 2012, Roadrunner Records posted a teaser video on their website titled Antennas to Hell. Later that day, Corey Taylor revealed on Twitter that Slipknot will release a greatest hits album on June 17, 2012. He also tweeted saying the band are not recording new material yet but are putting together demos for a new album.
Slipknot hosted their first annual music festival, called Knotfest, which was held on August 17, 2012, at Mid-America Motorplex near Pacific Junction, Iowa (in the Omaha – Council Bluffs metropolitan area) and August 18, 2012, in Somerset, Wisconsin. Other bands that played at the festival were Deftones, Lamb of God, Serj Tankian and more. Among the activities the festival offered as part of its "dark carnival experience" were circus big-top tents, pillars of fire, amusement park rides, burlesque performers, firebreathers, stilt walkers, drum circles made of junkyard cars and graffiti walls. The two shows also debuted a Slipknot museum. On Friday 14, June 2013 Slipknot headlined the Download Festival for a second time. Performing to roughly 90,000 people, the band were twice forced to stop their set, once in the middle of a song, in order to allow repairs to be made to the front barricade, which had split open under crowd pressure.
.5: The Gray Chapter (2013–present)Edit
Production of the band's fifth album began in late 2013. Taylor described the album as "very dark" and a cross between Iowa and Vol. 3 (The Subliminal Verses). Guitarist Jim Root sat out Stone Sour's tour in January (and it was revealed later that he was fired from that band), to write material for Slipknot.
I want to make it very clear that I DID NOT QUIT SLIPKNOT. This band has been my life for the last 18 years, and I would never abandon it, or my fans.
—Former drummer Joey Jordison via Facebook.
On December 12, 2013, the band announced through their official website that long-time member and drummer, Joey Jordison had parted ways with the band after 18 years citing personal reasons. Jordison later posted on his official Facebook page that he "did not quit Slipknot", and that he was both "shocked" and "blindsided" by the news. Both Jordison and Slipknot have independently promised to release further details about the split. Taylor noted that Jordison would not be appearing on the new album as he did not partake in any songwriting sessions prior to his departure.
In July, 2014 the band began releasing teasers regarding the release of their fifth album on their website and social media using cryptic messages and gory imagery. Their first song in six years entitled "The Negative One" was released on August 1 and was accompanied by a music video four days later directed by Crahan. The video did not feature any band members. On August 24, Slipknot released an official radio single entitled "The Devil In I" and the name of the upcoming album was revealed to be .5: The Gray Chapter through iTunes, with an expected release date of October 28. This was later revised to October 17 for the Netherlands and Australia, October 20 for the UK and October 21 worldwide.
Slipknot began their North American tour in support of the album on October 25 at the second iteration of Knotfest. The tour dubbed the "Prepare for Hell" is co-headlined by Korn with King 810 as support. They have also been confirmed, along with several other major acts, to be performing at 2015's Soundwave festival in Australia. A bassist and drummer were brought in to replace Gray and Jordison respectively with Crahan designing a mask for them to wear which would differentiate them from the band. The official video for "The Devil In I" was released on September 12 featuring musicians wearing slightly modified versions of the band's older masks with the exception of Taylor who wore a brand new mask. The identities of the drummer and bassist shown in the video were the subject of speculation among fans, but their names were not officially released by the band. Taylor later admitted that he was "upset" at the leak of the identity of the bassist, alleged to be Alessandro Venturella because of a unique tattoo on his hand. Root told Guitar World that the identity of the drummer will not be released. Taylor said that that neither the bassist nor the drummer are permanent members of the band.
Style and lyrical themesEdit
Slipknot draw influence from an array of styles and bands, most notably including hard rock and heavy metal bands such as Mr. Bungle, Faith No More, Kiss, Black Sabbath, Helmet, Slayer, Fear Factory, Godflesh, Skinny Puppy, Neurosis, Judas Priest, Metallica, White Zombie, Led Zeppelin and Beastie Boys. Slipknot are seen as pioneers of the New Wave of American Heavy Metal and have been compared to groups such as Pantera, Machine Head, Hatebreed, Life of Agony, and Prong. They are also considered a nu metal band. However, band members prefer to distance themselves musically from bands such as Korn and Limp Bizkit. Slipknot describe their sound as simply "metal metal" and equate their link to nu metal solely as a coincidence in their time of emergence. The band's sound typically features a heavily down-tuned guitar setup, a distinctly large percussive section, samples and turntables. Utilizing a variety of vocal styles, their music typically features growled vocals, screaming, backing vocals, and occasional melodic singing. However, the band have continually experimented with their sound – most notably developing tracks led by acoustic guitars and melodic singing first introduced on Vol. 3 (The Subliminal Verses). Slipknot's lyrics generally follow a very aggressive tone, occasionally featuring profanity while exploring themes such as darkness, nihilism, anger, disaffection, love, misanthropy and psychosis. Often drawing upon topics like the music industry, politics, personal strife and reflection, among others. Rick Anderson of Allmusic described their lyrics as "discernible [and] not generally quotable on a family website". However, on Vol. 3, Taylor has made a point of using no profanity in response to claims that he relied on the use of it. However, their All Hope is Gone album moved to a more groove metal and standard metal sound, as well as having some traits influenced by thrash metal and death metal. The band has also been considered alternative metal.
Slipknot are known for their chaotic and energetic live shows, which contributed to their success. These typically feature most band members headbanging, several members stage diving and even fighting. Their early performances featured extreme acts such as stage dives from high balconies and band members setting each other on fire. However, in recent years, they tend to refrain from acts this extreme. Ex-bassist Gray explained that this was due to receiving lawsuits and to prevent harming other people, adding that it was a "better move" for the longevity of the band. Along with the band's energetic and unpredictable performance, Slipknot often incorporate elaborate stage setups, which have featured pyrotechnics, elevated stage areas, hydraulic drum risers and computer screens among other things. While reviewing a Slipknot performance, Alistair Lawrence of Kerrang! enthused, "the choreographed chaos is too multi-faceted to fully describe," on a similar note, NME described one of their shows as "a scene of chaos".
Image and identitiesEdit
The band is known for its attention-grabbing image; the members wear matching uniforms, have unique masks respectively and have aliases which are simply numbers. The original idea of wearing masks while performing is often attributed to a clown mask that percussionist Crahan would bring to rehearsals when the band first started. The concept developed, and by late 1997, the band decided that every member of the band would wear unique masks and matching jumpsuits. Vocalist Taylor had this to say when questioned about the masks in 2002: "it's our way of becoming more intimate with the music. It's a way for us to become unconscious of who we are and what we do outside of music. It's a way for us to kind of crawl inside it and be able to use it." The concept behind wearing matching jumpsuits has been described as a response to commercialism in the music business and led to the idea of assigning the band members numerical aliases. "Originally, we were just going to wear the jumpsuits [...] we figured we might as well take that further and number ourselves. [...] We were basically saying, 'Hey, we're a product!'" explained Taylor. Their image has been the subject of much criticism, generally thought of as a gimmick to try sell more albums. The band strongly objects to these claims, proclaiming that the masks are used to draw the attention away from themselves as individuals and put it on the music. Several band members have noted that wearing the masks also helps keep their personal lives private. During an interview in 2005, percussionist Fehn went as far as saying it was a "blessing" that they do not get recognized.
Throughout their career, Slipknot have developed their image; changing their uniforms and each member's mask accordingly with the release of each album. The masks do not differ drastically in appearance between albums and follow a similar style but with new elements. Drummer Jordison addressed the issue in an interview in 2004, stating that it is to show growth and difference within age in each individual. Alongside their usual masks, Slipknot have incorporated special masks for specific reasons throughout their tenure. Most notably, for the music video and live performances of the song "Vermilion" in 2004 and 2005, the band members wore death masks made from casts of their own faces. Then in 2008, the band wore a set of large masks entitled "purgatory masks" during photo-shoots prior to the release of All Hope Is Gone and are seen burning them in the music video for "Psychosocial". In the early days, Slipknot's masks were homemade; however, since 2001, they have been custom made by the special effect artist and musician Screaming Mad George.
In 2012, Slipknot released an app for iOS and Android called "Slipknot: Wear the Mask." The app invites fans to construct their own masks, in the process defining what kind of Slipknot fans they are.
Lyrics and image controversiesEdit
Slipknot has been the subject of many controversies throughout their career, both for their music and their image. The lyrical content of some of Slipknot's songs has been linked to several violent and criminal incidents. One such case from 2003 involved a pair of young killers who blamed the lyrics from the song "Disasterpiece" for their vicious crime. Another from 2006 involved the lyrics from the song "Surfacing" being found at the site of a grave robbing.
In 2008, vocalist Taylor commented on a slashing incident at a South African school to which Slipknot was linked, saying that "obviously, I'm disturbed by the fact that people were hurt and someone died, as far as my responsibility for that goes, it stops there, because I know our message is actually very positive." He continued to say that "there are always going to be mental disorders and people who cause violence for no other reason than the fact that they're fucked up and lost."
The band's image has also been subjected to several controversies. A longstanding feud came from the band Mushroomhead, who - along with their fans - claimed that Slipknot "stole their image." While Slipknot acknowledged that their images had similarities, they never actively got involved in the feud, stating it was just a coincidence. Taylor explains: "we both started at the same time — neither one of us knowing anything about each other." Taylor also claims that at a live show in Cleveland, Ohio several Mushroomhead fans threw objects including a padlock at the band and when Slipknot was finished they along with Machine Head, and Amen went into the crowd and "handled it right there". In 2009, Mushroomhead vocalist Waylon Reavis stated that they were no longer interested in feuding with Slipknot, saying: "they're not the first masked band, we're not, no one was." The band's 2005 lawsuit against Burger King claimed that the company created the advertising-based band Coq Roq to capitalize on Slipknot's image. Burger King responded with a countersuit, pointing out that many other bands, such as Mr. Bungle, Mushroomhead, Mudvayne, Kiss, Insane Clown Posse and Gwar have used masks as part of their image. However, after negotiations, the advertising campaign and lawsuit were both dropped.
Mentions in popular culture Edit
Slipknot are mentioned in the song Vatican Broadside by English indie band Half Man Half Biscuit on their 2001 EP Editor's Recommendation.
These statistics were compiled from the RIAA certification online database.
Grammy Awards and nominationsEdit
Slipknot has been nominated for seven Grammy Awards, resulting in one win.
- "Wait and Bleed" – Best Metal Performance, 2001 (nomination)
- "Left Behind" – Best Metal Performance, 2002 (nomination)
- "My Plague" – Best Metal Performance, 2003 (nomination)
- "Duality" – Best Hard Rock Performance, 2005 (nomination)
- "Vermilion" – Best Metal Performance, 2005 (nomination)
- "Before I Forget" – Best Metal Performance, 2006 (winner)
- "Psychosocial" – Best Metal Performance, 2009 (nomination)
- Studio albums
- Mate.Feed.Kill.Repeat. (1996)
- Slipknot (1999)
- Iowa (2001)
- Vol. 3: (The Subliminal Verses) (2004)
- All Hope Is Gone (2008)
- .5: The Gray Chapter (2014)
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 "'New Wave Of American Heavy Metal' Book Documents Over 600 Bands", <http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=44955>. Retrieved on 27 April 2008
- ↑ Chris Steffen (2008-06-08). New Slipknot Album: A First Listen to "All Hope Is Gone". Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2008-06-29.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 heavymetalnow.com. heavymetalnow.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-23.
- ↑ All Hope is Gone Review IGN.
- ↑ Unterberger, Andrew (September 10, 2004). "Top Ten Nu-Metal Bands". Retrieved on September 25, 2014.
- ↑ Search Results
- ↑ Slipknot. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2013-02-04.
- ↑ (December 1, 2001) Slipknot: Unmasked. Joel McIver.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 Arnopp 2001, p. 40
- ↑ Arnopp 2001, p. 41
- ↑ Arnopp 2001, p. 42
- ↑ McIver 2001, p. 17
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 Arnopp 2001, p. 43
- ↑ Arnopp 2001, pp. 43–45
- ↑ McIver 2001, p. 19
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 Arnopp 2001, pp. 50–51
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 Arnopp 2001, pp. 51-54
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 Crampton 2001, p. 23
- ↑ McIver 2001, pp. 38–39
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2 Crampton 2001, pp. 24–25
- ↑ McIver 2001, p. 47
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 Arnopp 2001, pp. 82-83
- ↑ Arnopp 2001, pp. 84–86
- ↑ Crampton 2001, p. 50
- ↑ Arnopp 2001, pp. 93–96
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 McIver 2001, p. 54
- ↑ Crampton 2001, p. 30
- ↑ Arnopp 2001, p. 113
- ↑ 29.0 29.1 29.2 Slipknot - Up To Our Necks, Chrome Dreams, 2004
- ↑ Arnopp 2001, p. 115
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ 32.0 32.1 32.2 Anderson, Rick. Slipknot album review. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2007-12-15.
- ↑ Rose, Lisa (1999-09-17), "Band finds Coal comfort after rocky season", The Star-Ledger
- ↑ Discography - Slipknot - Welcome to Our Neighborhood. Billboard. Retrieved on 2010-03-12.
- ↑ Slipknot - X-Posed, The Interview, Chrome Dreams, 2001
- ↑ (2001-07) July 2001 Edition of Q Magazine. Emap.
- ↑ Lane, Daniel (2001-01-02), "Nu Year, Nu Slipknot", <http://www.metalhammer.co.uk/news/article/?id=38735>. Retrieved on 14 December 2007
- ↑ Birchmeier, Jason. Allmusic Review of Iowa. Allmusic. Retrieved on 2007-12-23.
- ↑ Fricke, David (2001-10-11). Rolling Stone review of Iowa. Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2007-10-02. Retrieved on 2007-02-17.
- ↑ Birchmeier, Jason. Billboard.com's page on Iowa. Billboard.com. Archived from the original on 2007-08-17. Retrieved on 2007-02-11.
- ↑ Mernagh, Matt (2001-06-18). Slipknot Kill The Industry. Chart. Retrieved on 2009-02-12.
- ↑ Lash, Jolie (2002-04-11), "Slipknot Play Rollerball", <http://web.archive.org/web/20071030004155/http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/slipknot/articles/story/5932670/slipknot_play_rollerball>. Retrieved on 15 February 2007
- ↑ "'Maggots,' rejoice: Slipknot is back", Green Bay Press-Gazette, 2001-11-08
- ↑ Hubbard, Michael (2002-08-26), "Slipknot liven up Reading's finale", <http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/music/2217410.stm>. Retrieved on 11 February 2007
- ↑ Bartz, Simon (2002-04-03), "Slipknot unmasked!", The Japan Times
- ↑ "Slipknot's Clown: How I Assembled 'Disasterpieces'", 2002-11-25, <http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=7829>. Retrieved on 19 December 2007
- ↑ "Slipknot Men Unmasked!", 2002-06-17, <http://www.metalhammer.co.uk/news/article/?id=40444>. Retrieved on 14 December 2007
- ↑ "Slipknot Man Pays Homage To The Wildhearts", 2002-06-27, <http://www.metalhammer.co.uk/news/article/?id=40492>. Retrieved on 14 December 2007
- ↑ "New Year, No Slipknot?", 2003-01-01, <http://www.metalhammer.co.uk/news/article/?id=40979>. Retrieved on 14 December 2007
- ↑ "To My Surprise! Slipknot Man Unveils New Project!", 2003-06-20, <http://www.metalhammer.co.uk/news/article/?id=41323>. Retrieved on 14 December 2007
- ↑ Shawn Crahan (Director) (2006), Voliminal: Inside the Nine, Roadrunner Records
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- ↑ Loud Times Video Magazine – Vol. 3, Quantum Leap, 2001
- ↑ "Slipknot's Chris Fehn: 'It's A Blessing That We Don't Get Recognized'", 2005-05-25, <http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=36072>. Retrieved on 11 September 2010
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- ↑ Wiederhorn, Jon (2004-03-09), "Slipknot Ready To Unveil New Masks, Subliminal", <http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1485648/20040309/slipknot.jhtml>. Retrieved on 16 December 2007
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- ↑ Slipknot – Chris and Paul – Boogie TV Interview 2004, Boogie TV, 2004
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- ↑ O'Toole, Megan (2003-07-10), "Young Killers Try To Blame Slipknot For Murder", <http://web.archive.org/web/20090629221535/http://www.chartattack.com/news/34166/young-killers-try-to-blame-slipknot-for-murder>. Retrieved on 16 September 2009
- ↑ Mindslavor (2006-08-17), "Slipknot Lyrics Found At Site Of Grave Robbery", <http://www.metalunderground.com/news/details.cfm?newsid=21081>. Retrieved on 23 December 2007
- ↑ 156.0 156.1 Tsigonis, Victoria (2008-08-22), "Slipknot Singer Speaks Out About Stabbing In South Africa", <http://www.gigwise.com/news/45567/Slipknot-Singer-Speaks-Out-About-Stabbing-In-South-Africa>. Retrieved on 11 September 2010
- ↑ "Mushroomhead Drummer: Slipknot 'Traded A Platinum Record For Dignity, Honor And Respect", 2006-10-09, <http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=59985>. Retrieved on 11 September 2010
- ↑ "Slipknot Frontman Discusses Mushroomhead 'Feud'", 2005-03-11, <http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=34014>. Retrieved on 11 September 2010
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- ↑ 160.0 160.1 "The Smoking Gun's Page about the lawsuit", <http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/0817052slipknot1.html>. Retrieved on 17 March 2007
- ↑ Half Man Half Biscuit Lyrics Project, Vatican Broadside
- ↑ "Gold and Platinum database", <http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?table=SEARCH>. Retrieved on 15 December 2007
- ↑ D'Angelo, Joe (2001-02-16), "Slipknot Working On Album As They Ponder Grammys, Touring", <http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1439535/20010216/slipknot.jhtml>. Retrieved on 16 December 2007
- ↑ "Slipknot's Paul Gray: "I Know System Of A Down Will Win Grammy"", 2002-02-27, <http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=1780>. Retrieved on 16 December 2007
- ↑ "Grammy Awards Nominees Announced!", 2003-01-07, <http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=8702>. Retrieved on 16 December 2007
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- ↑ "Metallica, Judas Priest, Mötley Crüe, Slipknot, Disturbed Among Grammy Nominees", 2008-12-03, <http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=110174>. Retrieved on 4 December 2008
- ↑ http://www.guitarworld.com/slipknots-jim-root-and-mick-thomson-talk-brutal-new-album-5-gray-chapter This reference states that Donnie was involved in some of the studio sessions for the new album which the first took place on March 1 2014 so that proves he was still working for the band in 2014 and had not left in 2013
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