Dynamo Open Air's logo.

Dynamo Open Air was a festival in the Netherlands held (almost) every year between 1986 and 2005. It was reborn in 2008 as Dynamo Outdoor.


Originally held to celebrate the fifth anniversary of the Dynamo rock club in Eindhoven, it grew from 5,000 people in the Dynamo parking lot to over 110,000 attendees in 1995. This caused too much pressure on the Dutch infrastructure and the festival had to shrink to a maximum of 60,000 visitors for 1996. From there it went downhill, mostly because the festival could not find a permanent venue. In 1999 Dynamo Open Air was held on a former rubbish dump near Eindhoven, and the following year it went to the Goffertpark in Nijmegen. That was the first time DOA was held outside the province of Noord-Brabant, and it was the first time in years that the festival had to shrink down to only one day. The previous years it had always been a two- or three-day festival.

In 2001, the organisation thought they had found a site where the festival could return on a yearly basis, near the town of Lichtenvoorde. However, the threat of foot-and-mouth disease caused trouble, and Dynamo Open Air had to be cancelled. In 2002 it returned, at the site of the Bospop festival, but 2003 was another year without a Dynamo festival. For 2004, the festival returned to Nijmegen, at the same location where it took place in 2000. In 2005, the festival used the site of the Dauwpop festival, and the re-formed Anthrax dominated the stage.

In an attempt to blow new life into the festival, the current organization of the Dynamo youth center decided to change the festival's name from Dynamo Open Air to Dynamo Outdoor. In 2008, the first Dynamo Outdoor festival was held in the centre of Eindhoven, with bands such as Mad Sin, Anathema and Born From Pain performing. The following year, in August 2009, Dynamo Outdoor was again held in Eindhoven. Bands like Destine, Stahlzeit, Asphyx, Textures, The butcher and Municipal waste attended the festival.

Live recordingsEdit

In May 1998, guest band Death recorded stock footage of their performance. Three years later, in an effort to raise money to pay for Chuck Schuldiner's cancer treatment, the footage was limitedly released in October 2001 by Nuclear Blast on CD and DVD formats under the name Live In Eindhoven, two months before Schuldiner's ultimate demise.

Line-ups and dates Edit

YearDateLine up
1986 September 7

Angel Witch, Battlezone, Chariot, Joshua, Onslaught, Satan, Helloween, Lääz Rockit

1987 June 8

Atomkraft, Destruction, Mad Max, Stryper, Testament, Vengeance

1988 May 23

Candlemass, Exodus, Lääz Rockit, Paradox, Sabbat, Toxik

1989 May 15

Armored Saint, Forbidden, Holy Moses, Sacred Reich, Savatage, Sleeze Beez, Fatal Destiny

1990 June 4

Death Angel, Mordred, Sacred Reich, Sepultura, Trouble, Vicious Rumors

1991 May 20

Armored Saint, Extreme, Ignorance, Metal Church, Morbid Angel, Obituary, Primus, Psychotic Waltz, Saigon Kick

1992 June 7

Love On Ice, Mordred, My Sister's Machine, Paradise Lost, Pestilence, Prong, Rollins Band, Skyclad, The O

1993 May 29 and 30

Annihilator, Anthrax, Biohazard, Fear Factory, Freak of Nature, Fudge Tunnel, Gorefest, Kong, Mercyful Fate, Mindfunk, Monster Magnet, Nocturnal Rites, Nudeswirl, Suicidal Tendencies, Temple of the Absurd, Trouble, Wool, Z

1994 May 21 and 22

B-Thong, Clawfinger, Cynic, Danzig, Die Krupps, Forbidden, Gorefest, Jackyl, Kyuss, Last Crack, Life of Agony, Nerve, Pride & Glory, Prong, Sick of It All, Skintrade, Skrew, Skyclad, Sleeze Beez, The Organization, The Obsessed, Urban Dance Squad, Vicious Rumors

1995 June 2, 3 and 4

35007, Absconded, Biohazard, Blitz Babies, Brotherhood Foundation, Crash Worship, Dog Eat Dog, Downset, Dub War, Earth Crisis, Eleven Pictures, Fear Factory, Grip Inc., Hate Squad, Horace Pinker, Life of Agony, Machine Head, Madball, Mary Beats Jane, Mental Hippie Blood, Motorpsycho, My Dying Bride, Nailbomb, Nevermore, No Fun at All, NRA, Orange 9mm, Overdose, Paradise Lost, Rape, Rich Kids on LSD, Schweisser, Shihad, Skyclad, Snapcase, Strawman, Sun, Tiamat, Trouble, Type O Negative, Undeclinable Ambuscade, Warrior Soul, Waving Corn

1996 May 24, 25 and 26

59 Times the Pain, 7 Zuma 7, Altar, Anathema, Bambix, Channel Zero, CIV, Cooper, Dearly Beheaded, Dog Eat Dog, Down By Law, Drain, Dreamgrinder, Eboman, Frozen Sun, Galactic Cowboys, Gorefest, Gurd, H20, Merauder, Millencolin, Neurosis, NRA, Orphanage, Osdorp Posse & Nembrionic, Pennywise, Pitchshifter, Pro-Pain, Ryker's, Sacred Reich, Satanic Surfers, Savatage, Shelter, Skippies, Skrew, Slapshot, Slayer, Spiritual Beggars, Strung Out, Stuck Mojo, The Exploited, The Gathering, Torque, Unsane, Venom, Voivod, White Devil

1997 May 16, 17 and 18

$400 Suits, Amorphis, Backfire!, Coal Chamber, Cradle of Filth, Deviate, Dimmu Borgir, Discipline, Entombed, Exodus, Goddess of Desire, Helmet, I Against I, Karma to Burn, Keaton (artist), Korn, Laberinto, Machine Head, Marilyn Manson, Moonspell, Ni Hao, Occult, Orphanage, Pist. On, Rage, Samael, Satyricon, Secret Discovery, Sentenced, Sick of It All, Skinlab, Slo Burn, Slyce, SNFU, Sundown, Testament, Therion, Thumb, Tiamat, Totenmond, Type O Negative, Vision of Disorder, Voodoo Glow Skulls, Within Temptation

1998 May 29, 30 and 31

25 Ta Life, 7 Zuma 7, Agnostic Front, Atrocity, Battery, Better Than a Thousand, Bewitched, Blind Guardian, Bloodlet, Brotherhood Foundation & Hardcore All Stars, Cathedral, Coal Chamber, Cold, Congress, Covenant, Death, Deftones, Dimmu Borgir, Driven, Emperor, Enslaved, Far, Fates Warning, Form, Fu Manchu, Fury of Five, Good Riddance, H2O, HammerFall, Hard Resistance, Hatebreed, Hed PE, Helloween, Iced Earth, Ignite, Immortal, In Flames, Incubus, Insane Clown Posse, Jane's Detd., Junkie XL, Kreator, Life of Agony, Limp Bizkit(cancelled), Masters of Reality, Maximum Penalty, Misery Loves Co., The Misfits, Oomph!, Orange Goblin, Pantera, Primal Fear, Pro-Pain, Rammstein, Refused, Right Direction, Saxon, Sevendust, sHeavy, Soulfly, Spiritual Beggars, Strapping Young Lad, Stratovarius, Stuck Mojo, Tech-9, Theatre of Tragedy, The Black Symphony, The Hellacopters, Think About Mutation, Tom Angelripper, Transport League, Tura Satana, Ultraspank, Undeclinable Ambuscade, Within Temptation, Zebrahead

1999 May 21, 22 and 23

59 Times the Pain, All Out War, Anathema, Ancient Rites, Angra, Apocalyptica, Arch Enemy, Atari Teenage Riot, Biohazard, Black Label Society, Cage, Cold As Life, Cradle of Filth, Cryptopsy, Cubanate, Darkane, De Heideroosjes, Dimmu Borgir, E.Town Concrete, Fatso Jetson, Fear Factory, Gamma Ray, Gluecifer, Goatsnake, God Dethroned, Grip Inc., Hard-Ons, Hypocrisy, In Extremo, Iron Monkey, Labyrinth, Lacuna Coil, Loudness, Madball, Manowar, Marduk, Merauder, Mercyful Fate, Meshuggah, Metallica, Monster Magnet, Murphy's Law, Nashville Pussy, Nebula, Nevermore, Nile, Nocturnal Rites, Oceans of Sadness, One Minute Silence, Out, Overkill, Peter Pan, Pitchshifter, Pulkas, Run Devil Run, Rykers, Skinlab, Stormtroopers of Death, Sodom, Space Age Playboys, Spineshank, Static-X, System of a Down, The Gathering, The Haunted, Therion with orchestra, Trail of Tears, Troopers, Unida, Unjust, Violation of Trust, Zeke

2000 June 3

Destruction, Engine, Immortal, Iron Maiden, Kittie, Korn, Mayhem, Methods of Mayhem, P.O.D., Sentenced, Slipknot, Spiritual Beggars, Suicidal Tendencies, Testament, The Kovenant, Zeke

2002 July 14

Autumn, Biohazard, Children of Bodom, Dead Soul Tribe, Death Angel, Dropkick Murphys, Finntroll, Hermano, Opeth, Pain of Salvation, Peter Pan, Soulfly, Strapping Young Lad, Within Temptation, Zimmers Hole

2004 June 5

After Forever, Agent Steel, Children of Bodom, Deicide, Dimmu Borgir, Ill Niño, Life of Agony, Mastodon, Nightwish, Oomph!, Shadows Fall, Slayer, Soulfly

2005 May 7

3 Inches of Blood, Anthrax, Evergrey, Gorefest, Jon Oliva's Pain, Lääz Rockit, Masterplan, Mercenary, Obituary, Still Remains, Testament, Trivium.

External linksEdit

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